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Profile Analystics as a Mechanism for Understanding Engineering Design Teams

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Shuffler M, Kramer W, Flynn M, Patel A, Summers J. Profile Analystics as a Mechanism for Understanding Engineering Design Teams. Oral presentation at 2017 SciTS Conference. Clearwater Beach, FL. Jun 13, 2017. Evaluating and Enhancing Team Processes. Online at: http://www.scienceofteamscience.org/2017-agenda.

With the increased use of teams in organizational contexts, researchers are challenged with approaching team measurement in a rigorous manner, especially in understanding the dynamics of interdisciplinary teams such as in engineering design. Indeed, many studies fail to approach the measurement of teams dynamically (Kozlowski, 2015). The present research aims to address this issue by moving beyond a variable centric approach to introduce the use of teamwork profiles in current assessments of teams. Specifically, we introduce team science researchers and practitioners to the concept of profiles, providing an example of application in the context of engineering design teamwork processes via the Marks, Mathieu, & Zaccaro (2001) framework. The structure of teamwork state profiles involves a shift in mindset from individual variables (i.e., variable centric) to patterns or multiplexes of variables (i.e., team centric, O’Neill, et al., 2015). The team-centric paradigm proposes that teams can have the tendency to exhibit particular, qualitatively meaningful patterns, and that these patterns can predict future interactions and outcomes (O’Neill, et al., 2016). As these profiles represent where a team stands at a given point in time for a set of emergent states and processes, we consider them to be state profiles, since they can change over time. The present research aims to test the presence of teamwork state profiles in the prominent team process framework proposed by Marks, Mathieu, and Zaccaro (2001). From this perspective, teams experience transition processes (e.g., planning), action processes (e.g., completing goals), and interpersonal processes (e.g., conflict resolution) that interact to create effective teams. Drawing from a sample of mechanical engineering student design teams engaged in a semester-long project, we demonstrate teamwork factors that may be relevant in dynamic teamwork profiles, and provide examples of potential teamwork profiles along with discussing appropriate methodologies and analyses (e.g., latent profile analysis, transitional analysis).

Language(s):

English

Type of Publication:

Oral presentation

Keywords:

scits 2017 conference, presentation, profile analytics

Addresses these goal(s):

  • Enhance team performance, interactions, and attitudes
  • Conduct research on/evaluate team science

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Resource created by Jane Hwang on 10/3/2017 12:29:25 PM.

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